With the outcome of the US elections now known the market can attempt to return to some level of normalcy. While the fiscal cliff is coming rapidly into view the odds are improving that US lawmakers are ready to cut a deal.
But regardless of the outcome of these negotiations, as important as they are, the market now has more certainty about the political outlook than at anytime in the last 12 months. Accordingly, key sectors can ready themselves for another four years.
A financial hangover
The financial services sector, particularly banks, would have awoken on November 7 with a post-election hangover. Having financially backed Governor Romney 2:1 the sector now has to deal with the ramifications of a President who owes them nothing. Adding insult to injury is the election of a number of anti Wall St candidates to the US Congress, most notably the election of Elizabeth Warren to the Senate.
Ms Warren was the President's choice to head the new consumer financial protection agency born out of the Dodd-Frank reforms but her appointment was prevented by Senate Republicans off the back of intensive lobbying from the banking sector. She is now part of an increased Democratic majority in the Senate.
Besides from being confronted with their nemesis the industry will now have to contend with the full introduction of the Dodd-Frank reforms. While some financial service lobby groups are publicly advocating for amendment, if not a wholesale wind back, a number of the larger industry players appear to have accepted the inevitable and are switching their focus to implementing and dealing with the reforms. For example, Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs have both wound down their proprietary trading desks, which are banned under the laws.
Perhaps the only area of real contention remaining are the Dodd-Frank restrictions on derivatives trading, which a number of industry players are still proposing to lobby hard against.
Drill baby drill – but carefully
Hopeful of a Romney presidency in which exploration and drilling rights would be relaxed the oil and gas sector is now contemplating a more restrained and renewables friendly regime under a second Obama term.
The President is not immune to the important role of fossil fuels in meeting America's energy needs. However, he's more inclined to balance energy and environmental needs and push the nation towards self-sufficiency through an increased reliance on renewable sources. His victories in Virginia and Ohio – two coal producing states – will give him comfort that his approach to mining is not necessarily seen as detrimental to coal workers.
The biggest concern for the sector will be Obama's well publicised opposition to the more than $4bn worth of tax credits and other concessions received by the industry. They are likely to become a key component of the President's efforts to increase revenues through closing tax loopholes.