WRITTEN ON OUR BODIES: GOP war on women.
When Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama fought it out to win the Democrats' nomination for Presidential Candidate in 2008, the claim that "Americans are more misogynist than racist" was used as a street-level indicator of who would triumph. As we know Obama won, though whether or not this proves the observation is impossible to determine.
In the 2012 Republican battle for nomination, religion plays a central role, to the extent that the party is referred to by some US media as God's Own Party, or, the American Faith Party. Professing your faith, once a no-no in US politics, is now de rigueur for Republican candidates who represent a party comprised in large part of Catholic traditionalists, evangelicals, fundamentalists, and charismatic protestants; some strands of Judaism, and Mormons. What these disparate religious groups share is faith in the power of religious values to create a better country, and in some instances, a belief that God's law should govern society. The belief in a shared ultimate vision for the ordering of human existence, and the subordination of human experience to dogma and doctrinal claims are hallmarks of right-wing religious beliefs. Now for the first time in US history the core identity of a political party is "the profession of a religious faith in politics." In other words, God's Own Party is dedicated to a mystical imperative that supersedes all other concerns: faith.
Abortion and gay marriage are two of the fundamental issues that provoke anxiety and uncertainty in supporters of the AFP. Some commentators see the origins of the new party back in Ronald Reagan's presidency, when he made efforts to appeal to the Bible belt following the Roe v Wade decision on abortion. Since that decision, religious groups have felt themselves particularly alienated from politics, and disgruntled that religion apparently had no role in determining an aspect of public policy about which they held zealous views.
Hillary Clinton, now US Secretary of State, recently made the following comments:
Why extremists always focus on women remains a mystery to me. But they all seem to. It doesn't matter what country they're in or what religion they claim. They want to control women. They want to control how we dress. They want to control how we act. They even want to control the decisions we make about our own health and bodies. Yes, it is hard to believe that even here at home, we have to stand up for women's rights and reject efforts to marginalize any one of us, because America needs to set an example for the entire world.
Given current conditions, the US is far from setting an example to the entire world in the matter of women's reproductive rights.
Clinton is required to refrain from commentary on domestic politics in her role as Secretary of State, however it's clear that's she's referring to what New York Times Columnist Maureen Dowd describes as an "insane bout of mass misogyny" perpetrated by G.O.P. leaders in their efforts to outdo one another in selling their religious conservative credentials to voters.
The personal consequences of this insanity for one woman are detailed in this devastating account of her experiences in Texas, after new laws were introduced requiring certain procedures before a woman may undergo a termination. Women are compelled to have an ultrasound, during which they are legally required to listen while a doctor is legally required to describe the foetus they are carrying. They must then wait 24 hours before termination, presumably to give them time to change their minds after hearing this description, and in some states, the foetal heartbeat. In the case of Carolyn Jones described in the link, a nurse turned up the volume of a radio in an attempt to drown out the doctor's words and spare Ms Jones some anguish. One can only imagine the toll these laws take on the staff of women's health clinics, as well as the patients.
Doctors are then legally required (under threat of losing their license) to read out a list of the dangers of abortion, including the discredited claim also made by religious groups in Australia, most recently on ABC's The Drum, that there is an increased chance of breast cancer after a termination.
Seven US states require that an abortion provider perform an ultrasound on each woman seeking an abortion, and then require the provider to offer the woman the opportunity to view the image. In most states she is permitted to "turn her eyes away." This legislation is based on the paternalistic notion that women might not know what pregnancy means, and having the foetus described, hearing its heartbeat and viewing an ultrasound will educate them. The desired outcome is that after this compulsory education, a woman will change her mind, refuse to terminate the pregnancy, and carry the foetus to term.
Some of these requirements have been in place in some states since the mid 1990's. There hasn't been any noticeable decline in the numbers of women seeking abortions, indeed some figures indicate an increase, especially the figures used by the anti-choice campaigners, who often claim an "epidemic" is underway. It's generally agreed by abortion providers that women have made up their minds about termination before arriving at their clinics, and no matter how they are tortured, are disinclined to change their minds.
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