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Draft discrimination bill draws unfair fire

By Alan Austin - posted Thursday, 31 January 2013

We should not be surprised at vigorous attacks on governments or oppositions in an election year.

But should we accept forays which generate destructive fear and loathing where nothing fearful or loathsome exists? Should we tolerate attacks based on falsehoods and misrepresentation?

A campaign of distortion and misinformation inThe Australian is now underway. An article on Wednesday warning of a "tragic outcome" and "another stolen generation – a generation of young people and children who have had their freedom of speech stolen from within their classrooms" – contains highly questionable assertions.


The polemic by teacher at Melbourne's Trinity Grammar, Christopher Bantick, is titled 'Censorship dressed up is denial of free speech'. The fear it foments of reforms to Australia's anti-discrimination laws is based on Bantick's analysis of the 2011 Federal Court decision in Eatock v Bolt.

Bantick begins with an observation on the Andrew Bolt racial discrimination matter by Opposition frontbencher George Brandis that "we are not free as journalists, commentators and ordinary citizens to make critical remarks in the course of ordinary political exchange".

Why quote the Opposition? Why not quote Justice Bromberg's actual judgment? Bromberg, in fact, says the opposite:

"At common law, fair comment exists as a defence to a defamatory comment in order to facilitate freedom of expression on matters of public interest," the judge affirmed. "It is of importance that on social and political issues in particular, people should be able to express their opinions. Those opinions will at times be ill-considered. They may be obstinate, exaggerated or simply wrong. But that, of itself, provides no valid basis for the law to curtail the expression of opinion." [Paragraph 353]

Bantick asserts "The fallout of the Bolt decision continues to be felt in lecture theatres and classrooms."

No, it doesn't. Any fallout of fear and anxiety is the result of the consistent misreporting of the Bolt judgment in several Murdoch publications ever since verdict day, principally in The Australian. There is no basis for "fallout" in the judgment itself. The opposite is the case.


"The fair comment defence at common law extends to protect opinions, even those that reasonable people would consider to be abhorrent," Bromberg insisted.

Bantick continues, "If you express an opinion that under the act can be taken as offensive or insulting, even though it was not intended to be so, this is sufficient grounds for action. It may just come down to tone."

And again: "If I go into my classroom and in the course of my lesson I use a tone that is apparently offensive or insulting to any racially identifiable group, then I am breaking the law."

This is pure nonsense. Section 18D of Part IIA of the current Racial Discrimination Act (RDA) is crystal clear. It protects any opinion, however offensive the content or tone – provided it has legitimate academic purpose.

Here is the exact wording:

18D - Exemptions

Section 18C [which requires it proven that someone was offended, humiliated or intimidated] does not render unlawful anything said or done reasonably and in good faith:

(a) in the performance, exhibition or distribution of an artistic work; or

(b) in the course of any statement, publication, discussion or debate made or held for any genuine academic, artistic or scientific purpose or any other genuine purpose in the public interest; or

(c) in making or publishing:

(i) a fair and accurate report of any event or matter of public interest; or

(ii) a fair comment on any event or matter of public interest if the comment is an expression of a genuine belief held by the person making the comment. [end of extract]

These provisions remain intact in the proposed revised anti-discrimination bill.

Judge Brombergreinforced freedom of speech overwhelmingly. The RDA, he said, is "concerned to protect the fundamental right of freedom of expression. Freedom of expression is an essential component of a tolerant and pluralistic democracy." [14]

The clear message of the Bolt case – perfectly clear to those who actually read the judgment rather than the mendacious commentary thereon – is that we should not defame others with malicious lies. That's all.

"Like all good things, freedom of expression has its limits and that is also recognised by the common law defence of fair comment. Those limits are there to ensure that freedom of expression is not abused. One of the safeguards against such abuse is that the comment must be based on facts which are true or protected by privilege." [354]

That is why Bolt lost. Not because of his opinions. Nor his sneering tone. Nor that his "use of mockery and derision was extensive". [412] But because his "facts" were just not true. Bolt simply fabricated many of his allegations against the Aborigines.

Bromberg's key finding was that "in relation to most of the individuals concerned, the facts asserted in the Newspaper Articles that the people dealt with chose to identify as Aboriginal have been substantially proven to be untrue". [378]

The judge located at least 19 distortions or lies in the two articles under scrutiny. [Paragraphs 351 to 413]

There may well be significant flaws in the proposed anti-discrimination legislation as presented in the current exposure draft. Hence it warrants serious analysis and fair criticism.

Fear-mongering built on misrepresentation works against this process.

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About the Author

Alan Austin is an Australian freelance journalist currently based in Nīmes in the South of France. His special interests are overseas development, Indigenous affairs and the interface between the religious communities and secular government. As a freelance writer, Alan has worked for many media outlets over the years and been published in most Australian newspapers. He worked for eight years with ABC Radio and Television’s religious broadcasts unit and seven years with World Vision. His most recent part-time appointment was with the Uniting Church magazine Crosslight.

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